Endometrial biopsy is a diagnostic procedure. It is a technique of removing a piece of tissue from the inner lining of the uterus. The sample of tissue is analyzed under a microscope in the laboratory. This analysis is necessary when diagnosing a wide profile of diseases of the reproductive system.
It is carried out on the 8-11th day of the cycle in order to diagnose chronic endometritis and in the middle of the luteal phase to determine the status of the receptor status of the endometrium and assess the implantation window.
During endometrial biopsy the doctor inserts a thin plastic or metal tubular device through the cervix into the uterus to remove a tiny piece of the inner lining tissue. An instrument is gently passed through the cervix into the uterus to collect the tissue sample. Than the tissue sample and instruments are removed. The tissue is sent to a lab. There, it is examined under a microscope.
Usually no anesthesia is required. However, we can make anesthesia to minimize discomfort on request.
Endometrial biopsy allows you to evaluate the condition of the endometrium, reduce the risks that are possible during the implantation of the ovum, thereby ensuring a positive IVF result.
Possible consequences after a biopsy:
- small aching pains in the lower abdomen, as happens with painful menstruation;
- scarce spotting up to 3-5 days after the procedure.