Ova (oocytes) donorship is one of types of extracorporal fertilization programs. The characteristic feature of this type is the use of ova of young healthy women-donors as biological material.
Who can be an ova donor?
The ova donor can be a woman up to 35 y.o., physically and psychologically sound. The ova donorship programme is fully anonymous. Spouses who use donor’s ova are not entitles to see a donor’s photos, and only obtain the information on such donor’s parameters as height, weight, colour of hair and eyes, blood group and rhesus factor, marital status, children (yes, no), nationality.
It is desirable that age of the recipient (the patient using donor’s ova) was under 50 years. The ova donor is not supplied with any information on the recipient.
Indications for the use of donor’s ova are as follows:
- natural menopause;
- early ovaries exhaustion syndrome;
- absence of ovaries or the condition after radio and chemoterapy;
- genetic diseases;
- post-resection syndrome (the condition after operations at ovaries);
- failed repeated IVF attempts at insufficient reaction of ovaries to induction of superovulation and obtaining embryos of low quality in the IVF programme.
DO Programme consists of the following stages:
- synchronization of donor’s and recipient’s cycles;
- stimulation of donor’s oocytes;
- puncture of donor’s oocytes;
- embryologic stage (obtained oocytes are fertilized by the recipient’s husband or donor’s sperm);
- transfer of embryos into the recipient’s uterine cavity;
- luteal phase support.